As suggested by Marcello Arfelli during last SAM meeting, two more technicians from Municipality of Forlì have been invited: Engineers Maurizio Baietta and Gioia Sambenedetto of the Urban Planning Department. The CRISMAS projects and its activities and results so far are illustrated to the newcomers. They in turn explain that Forlì is starting work on its spatial master plan. Also they will cooperate in an EU project for spatial revitalization. The ambition is to regenerate areas and reduce the land use, for example by returning it to agriculture. New spatial development projects can only be developed if existing (degenerated) areas are demolished. One example of projected regeneration is the close to the railway. This might benefit from an assessment of the risk of hazardous substances transport.
The first step of the all-hazard risk assessment is completed now. The all-hazard matrix and the methodology used to create it are shared with the other stakeholders. The Urban Planning Department of Forlì is considering to include the outcomes of the risk assessment in their new planning process. It is discussed that the prioritization for risk might be different for urban planning than for the civil protection. For example, the risk of unexploded bombs is of limited severity in the all-hazard perspective, but is very relevant for spatial development of the railway area, as that has been bombed several times during WWII. The experts argue that for the urban planning process, it is very important to gain insight in the spatial distribution of the risks as analyzed in CRISMAS: the hazard zones, the exposure, the vulnerability of buildings, but also ‘accumulation points’: locations of combined risks and potential dominos. There is a wish to cooperate on the development of risk mapping.
With regards to the risk matrix, the idea is suggested to relate risk levels (combined impact and likelihood) with the ‘risk perception’, as an additional tool to understand risk. After this discussion on the results of the matrix for the area of the Municipality of Forlì, the Dutch experts introduced the next steps to be made to identify strategies and actions for risk management, starting from the results of the all hazard risk assessment and the capabilities self-assessment already implemented by the local working group.
- Implementation of the chart containing spatial measures for risk reduction for seismic and hydraulic risk
- Implementing the matrix with additional risk scenarios, including those discussed during the local project kick-off held on 08/04/2016, with particular reference to the risks that must be taken into account during the updating of the planning instruments of Municipality of Forlì (in progress). The City of Stavanger can be asked for experiences on how different kinds of risks can be implemented in urban planning policies and instruments.
- Realization of multi-hazard maps for the case-study Municipality of Forli from the results of the risk-assessment (matrix-hazards) for the cartographic visualization of persistent risks of macro-areas of the township
- Analysis of the results of the self-assessment of the local civil protection system in terms of risk management capacity (administrative, technical, financial) and identification of the improvement objectives;
- Presenting the Mayor of Forlì a list of possible risk management strategies, measures and recommendations, resulting from previous risk-assessment and self-assessment. Potential objectives for the DRM strategy for the coming years, as discussed during the SAM meeting:
o Implementing the outcomes of the risk assessment in urban planning
o Using the risk matrix for prioritization of the joint preparedness efforts of the Civil Protection and Municipality of Forlì (planning and training for the priority risks).
o Disaster Risk Reduction for floods and earthquake
o Research agenda: investing in more detailed risk assessments and all hazard (and domino) risk mapping for priority risks from the matrix, as well as for additional risks that are relevant from urban planning perspective (like unexploded bombs, critical infrastructures)
The overarching main objectives could be to build a ‘culture of all-hazard risk management’ (by means of improved risk information and increased risk awareness), as well as to build a strong link between risk management and spatial planning.