From 29 to 31 May the CapaCities project organised the second Learning and Experience Sharing (LES) meeting. The topic was Disaster Risk Assessment. During the three-day meeting the DRM focal points of Ararat, Kutaisi and Ungheni learned about the steps of risk assessment: risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation. Click here to view all the presentations.
In a workshop on risk identification the focal points were put to work on exercises for identification of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. For hazard identification they had to check from a hazard list which hazards are present in their city and in adjacent territories and what the most important sources of those hazards are. In the second exercise for each city two hazards were mapped, to understand the spatial distribution of hazard zones and vulnerabilities. In the third exercise the vulnerabilities and coping capacities were discussed, such as livelihoods and their resilience, base-line status of well-being, self-protection, social protection and governance.
In the ensuing part the CapaCities Core Team, together with guest teacher Nestor Alfonzo Santemaria from the UK, presented the different methods for single-hazard and multi-hazard risk analysis. The EU approach to multi-hazard risk analysis of disaster scenarios on impact and likelihood was explained in-depth. In a practical exercise the focal points discussed for two example hazards of each city the selection of different scenario levels: a scenario of minimum magnitude to qualify as disaster risk, a credible worst-case scenario and a cascading scenario. For each of these scenarios the main characteristics were described, such as casualties, damage and environmental impact. In a second exercise the cities were asked to identify potential stakeholders and sources of information for the analysis of impact levels. The discussion focussed on the role of a DRM focal point: not to be expert in impact analysis, but to be able to challenge the estimations and assumptions by experts, to ask for clear substantiation of the analysis and to understand levels of uncertainty/confidence.
The third part focussed on risk evaluation. Examples from different countries were used to explain different approaches to risk evaluation and risk criteria. The use of the risk matrix was discussed at length, to understand the risk treatment options for risks in different corners of the matrix and the pros and cons of colouring the matrix.
In the closing part, the focal points discussed the way forwards: what is their ambition level for Disaster Risk Assessment, what approach and methods do they want to use and what assistance do they need from each other and from the Core Team? In 1-on-1 dialogues the focal points discussed each other’s doubts and concerns and how to solve those.
During the LES-meeting two field visits were organised by Kutaisi City, to showcase how disaster risks are currently taken into consideration in planning processes. The first field visit showed the plans for the new technical university and the second the rehabilitation plans for the historical quarter on the Rioni river bank. All attendants were greatly appreciative of the hospitality of Kutaisi City!